Microdermabrasion treatment side effects are usually mild. Most people do not experience complications. Redness, dryness, and itchy flaky skin are the most common. Side effects are more likely to occur from professional microdermabrasion than with an at home treatment.
A microdermabrasion treatment is a minimally invasive procedure. It only removes the first layer of skin that is made up of dead skin cells. It can reduce and possibly eliminate fine lines and wrinkles, acne scarring, and discoloration from sun damage like age spots. When used consistently, it can also stimulate collagen production. Microdermabrasion is not the same as dermabrasion, which is a much more invasive process and is only performed by professionals.
Most microdermabrasion treatment side effects are a form of over exfoliation. Irritation like redness, dryness, and itchiness can occur after too much tissue has been removed. This type of damage will heal on its own over time. Discontinue all forms of exfoliation, and use a natural moisturizer with soothing botanicals like aloe, oat, chamomile, and cucumber to enhance your body’s own healing processes.
Some users can experience skin discoloration, which is usually temporary and most likely to occur in people with brown or black skin. This can occur with any skin resurfacing process and is usually temporary. If your dark spots on face haven’t gone away on their own after six months, try treating the area with a skin lightening cream that contains hydroquinone, kojic acid, or licorice.
A microdermabrasion treatment can spread acne-causing bacteria over the surface of the skin, leading to an acne flare up. People experiencing a bad breakout should not use microdermabrasion until the acne has cleared up. There is also a chance to develop cold sores if the skin is infected with the Herpes virus.
Some microdermabrasion treatment side effects arise from the abrading crystals being inhaled or getting into the eyes. It’s important to use your microdermabrasion kit as directed, which usually advises that you do not treat skin that is around the eyes and mouth.
Microdermabrasion, like any process that removes the first layer of skin, can cause your skin to become more sensitive to sunlight. Skin burns easier and is more prone to discoloration from sun exposure, even if that exposure does not result in a burn. It is very important to wear sun protective clothing and/or sun block daily for at least a week following heavy exfoliation.
Some people should not use a microdermabrasion at all, and are much more likely to experience an adverse reaction. People with moderate to severe acne, diabetes, auto-immune disorders, skin lesions, lupus, and skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, and dermatitis should not use microdermabrasion. It is also not recommended if you are prone to developing broken capillaries. If you have any medical skin condition, consult your dermatologist before trying any skin resurfacing treatment. You should not use microdermabrasion while using prescription retinoid products, or for a few months after use.
Microdermabrasion complications can arise from using other forms of exfoliation like chemical peels. Strong anti aging products like Vitamin C and retinol serums should not be used for at least a few days before and after your treatment. You should use a good moisturizer following exfoliating facial treatments to enhance results.
Microdermabrasion is one of the safest skin resurfacing treatments with the lowest incidence of complications. If you are doing the treatments at home, start off with mild time and pressure and work your way up. Some microdermabrasion treatment side effects aren’t apparent until a few hours or even days have passed, so give yourself enough time between treatments to monitor your skin.